Tuesday, July 10, 2018

Linguistics Properties of Genetic Information

Claim: DNA is a product of natural chemistry.

Response: DNA posesses language properties, including symbolism, which do not exist in physics or chemistry. A mind is necessary to create language and symbolism.


Genetic information posesses the following linguistics characteristics:
1.  DNA is a "book" of encoded/written information organized into chapters (chromosomes), phrases (sequences), words (codons) and letters (nucleotides) governed by punctuation.
2.  Written language is a code system comprised of arranged symbols which represent an entity seperate from themselves. 1 
3.  The symbolism of encoded/written language is an immaterial abstract construct of mind, and is not comprised of or a property of matter.
4.  Genetic information posesses the language properties of phonetics, punctuation, syntax, grammar, and semantics. 2 


Because DNA is a system of encoded/written languge,
     1. physics and chemistry cannot have created the immaterial, abstract properties of linguistics in DNA, which require an intelligence. 3 
     2. an intelligence is necessarily the cause of the genetic information which defines living systems
     3. living systems have been designed by intelligence, and the concept of the evolution of living systems is falsified by the linguistics of DNA

1.  Websters Dictionary, Definition of Language:
1       a : the words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining them used and understood by a community  .  studied the French language
         b (1) : audible, articulate, meaningful sound as produced by the action of the vocal organs
            (2) : a systematic means of communicating ideas or feelings by the use of conventionalized signs, sounds, gestures, or marks having understood meanings   .  the language of mathematics
            (3) : the suggestion by objects, actions, or conditions of associated ideas or feelings
                        .  language in their very gesture —William Shakespeare
            (4) : the means by which animals communicate  .  the language of birds
            (5) : a formal system of signs and symbols (such as FORTRAN or a calculus in logic) including rules for the formation and transformation of admissible expressions
            (6) : MACHINE LANGUAGE 1
2       a : form or manner of verbal expression; specifically : style  .  the beauty of Shakespeare's language
          b : the vocabulary and phraseology belonging to an art or a department of knowledge  .  the language of diplomacy  .  medical language
          c : profanity
                        .  shouldn't of blamed the fellers if they'd cut loose with some language —Ring Lardner
            3 : the study of language especially as a school subject  .  earned a grade of B in language
            4 : specific words especially in a law or regulation  .  The police were diligent in enforcing the language of the law.

2.  "The genetic language is a collection of rules and regularities of genetic information coding for genetic texts. It is defined by alphabet, grammar, collection of punctuation marks and regulatory sites, semantics. There is a review of these general attributes of genetic language, including also the problems of synonymy and evolution. The main directions of theoretical investigations of genetic language and neighbouring questions are formulated: (1) cryptographic problems, (2) analysis of genetic texts, (3) theoretical-linguistic problems, (4) evolutionary linguistic questions. The problem of genetic language becomes one of the key ones of molecular genetics, molecular biology and gene engineering." - The genetic language: grammar, semantics link (1K)

3.  "Biologic systems and processes cannot be fully accounted for in terms of the principles and laws of physics and chemistry alone, but they require in addition the principles of semiotics— the science of symbols and signs, including linguistics." - Sungchul Ji’s, professor of Rutgers University, The Linguistics of DNA: Words, Sentences, Grammar, Phonetics, and Semantics link (1K)

4.  Linguistics Features of Noncoding DNA Sequences link (1K)

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